ICT4Africa 2014 – Yaounde Cameroon

The Declaration of Yaoundé


  • Research-guided integration of OER in African Educational Systems
  • Yaoundé, Cameroon – March 27, 2010
  • International Conference on ICT for Africa 2010 (ICT4A 2010)

Upon the initiative of the International Conference on ICT for Africa 2010 (ICT4A 2010) with the networked partnerships of African ICT4A member institutions including Makerere University (Uganda) and University of Buea (Cameroon), International member institutions including Southern University, Baton Rouge (USA), International Center for Information Technology for Development (ICITD) Southern University (USA), and  Auburn University (USA); International Organizations including Multimedia Education Resources for Learning and Online Teaching (MERLOT), the MERLOT Africa Network (MAN), AUF, and local ICT Green Companies, Atlantic-computing.com (Senegal),-  convened a one day discussion/reflection sessions on the promises of eLearning and Open Education Resources (OER) to support  education in Africa.  The needs for raising awareness and conducting localized research to integrate OER in the science/mathematics/technology/engineering and business curriculum at the institutions was a central theme of discussions. This could serve as engine for development within the member institutions affiliated with ICT4A with a common goal to hasten the needs for meeting the Millennium Goals for Africa and the Education for All (EFA). The venue was in celebration of 2nd International Conference on ICT for Africa held in Yaoundé, Cameroon, Central Africa, March 24-28, 2010.

The Collaborative mentioned earlier, have adopted this Declaration, known as the “The 2010 Declaration of Yaoundé on OER Research and Development”. After identifying current best practices and specific features of Open Education Resources and Services and the potential for leveraging open source course management systems tools for deploying quality e-learning at the institutions, the declaration calls for an international research network focusing on the effective integration of OER in the curriculum.

This statement is part of a strategy by the ICT for Africa member institutions and the Collaborative to promote knowledge development and management in the field of OER technology and Cyberlearning. The declaration identifies critical needs, in the African context, to (1) develop and validate a battery of research instruments to assess OER/e-learning readiness at the institutions; (2) identify professional development needs for integrating OER in instructional design and deliver of online courses and distance education programs at the institutions; (3) build capacity to train instructors, faculty, and teachers in the effective use of e-learning repositories and the design of localized resources; (4) encourage the development and sharing of quality electronic learning resources; (5) leverage the availability of open source software (OSS) and OER Management Systems to facilitate course and online program development; (6) Conduct and disseminate research findings and best practices through peer-reviewed publications as well as doctoral dissertations and master thesis chaired by the  researchers of the Network. This Collaborative recognizes the development in the field of OER has become a worldwide phenomenon with significant developments worldwide. However, research related to the integration OER for eLearning capacity building is limited and the best practices in using current OER repositories are still ill-documented in the literature. Until now, evidence to support the positive impact of OER has been mostly anecdotal.

The Collaborative aims to facilitate international partnerships with the believe that such partnerships are indispensable in addressing many critical e-learning research questions associated with cultural diversity, social/political influences, legal issues, etiquette, geographical and learning diversity as well as digital divide issues. It is expected that such research collaboration and avenues for cross-fertilization will engender forward-looking research whose successful outcomes will provide unique contributions to the use of OER and its potential to provide eLearning capacity building in Africa.

On this date of March 27, 2010
ICT4A 2010 was in part funded by the US-National Science Foundation;  ICITD, Southern University; Department of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of Buea; Atlantic Elearning; Atlantic Computing; Merlot Africa Network; Merlot; The African Society for ICT; and The ICT University.


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